Appendix 2: Footnotes

1 Prevention Status Reports 2013 Alcohol-Related Harms. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Accessed May 26, 2016.

2 Community Preventive Services Task Force. Preventing Excessive Alcohol Consumption: Dram Shop Liability. Atlanta, GA; 2013.

3 Mosher JF, Cohen EN, Jernigan DH. Commercial host (dram shop) liability. Am J Prev Med. 2013;45(3):347-353. doi:10.1016/j.amepre.2013.04.013.

4 Rammohan V, Hahn RA, Elder R, et al. Effects of dram shop liability and enhanced overservice law enforcement initiatives on excessive alcohol consumption and related harms. Am J Prev Med. 2011;41(3):334-343. doi:10.1016/j.amepre.2011.06.027.

5 Toomey TL, Wagenaar AC, Erickson DJ, Fletcher LA, Patrek W, Lenk KM. Illegal alcohol sales to obviously intoxicated patrons at licensed establishments. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2004;28(5):769-774. doi:10.1097/01.ALC.0000125350.73156.FF.

6 Bonnie RJ, O’Connell ME, eds. Reducing Underage Drinking: A Collective Responsibility. Washington, D.C.: National Academies Press; 2004.

7 Naimi TS, Nelson DE, Brewer RD. Driving after binge drinking. Am J Prev Med. 2009;37(4):314-320. doi:10.1016/j.amepre.2009.06.013.

8 O’Donnell M. Research on drinking locations of alcohol-impaired drivers: Implications for prevention policies. J Public Heal Policy. 1985;6(4):510-525.

9 Padilla AM, Morrissey L. Place of last drink by repeat DUI offenders: A retrospective study of gender and ethnic group differences. Hisp J Behav Sci. 1993;15(3):357-372. doi:10.1177/07399863930153005.

10 US Department of Health and Human Services. Report to Congress on the Prevention and Reduction of Underage Drinking. Washington, D.C.; 2013.

11 Mosher JF, Boertzel GS, Clune KP, et al. Liquor Liability Law. Newark, NJ: Matthew Bender; 2014.

12 The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Prevention Status Reports. Atlanta, GA; 2015.

13 Alcohol-Related Harms. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Accessed June 22, 2016.

14 Prevention Status Reports 2013. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Accessed December 11, 2015.

15 Babor T, Caetano C, Casswell S, et al. Alcohol No Ordinary Commodity: Research and Public Policy. New York, NY: Oxford University Press; 2010.

16 Task Force on Community Preventive Services. Recommendations on dram shop liability and overservice law enforcement initiatives to prevent excessive alcohol consumption and related harms. Am J Prev Med. 2011;41(3):344-346. doi:10.1016/j.amepre.2011.05.024.

17 Mosher JF, Janes K. Dephi Panel on State Dram Shop Liabilty Laws: Final Report. San Rafael, CA: The Marin Institute for the Prevention of Alcohol and Other Drug Problems; 1989.

18 Mosher JF. Dram shop law and the prevention of alcohol-related problems. J Stud Alcohol. 1979;40(9):773-798.

19 Mosher JF. Underage Commercial Host Liability: 1989, 2011.

20 Mosher J, Hauck A, Carmona M, et al. Laws Prohibiting Alcohol Sales To Intoxicated Persons. Washington, D.C.: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration; 2009.

21 Mosher JF, Cohen EN, Dahl E. An Update on Laws Prohibiting Alcohol Sales to Intoxicated Persons. Baltimore, MD: Center on Alcohol Marketing and Youth; 2011.

22 Alcohol – Excessive Consumption: Responsible Beverage Service Training. The Community Guide website. Accessed December 14, 2015.

23 Retail Sales: Beverage Service Training and Related Practices. Alcohol Policy Information System website. Accessed May 24, 2017.

24 Toomey TL, Wagenaar AC, Gehan JP, Kilian G, Murray DM, Perry CL. Project ARM: alcohol risk management to prevent sales to underage and intoxicated patrons. Health Educ Behav. 2001;28(2):186-199. doi:10.1177/109019810102800205.

25 Mosher JF. Responsible Beverage Service: An Implementation Handbook for Communities. Palo Alto, CA: Health Promotion Resource Center, Stanford Center for Research in Disease Prevention; 1991.

26 Toomey TL, Erickson DJ, Lenk KM, Kilian GR, Perry CL, Wagenaar AC. A randomized trial to evaluate a management training program to prevent illegal alcohol sales. Addiction. 2008;103(3):405-413. doi:10.1111/j.1360-0443.2007.02077.x.

27 ChangeLab Solutions. 2015 PSR Update: Status of State Dram Shop Liability. Oakland, CA; 2015. Alcohol Outlet Density Infographic.

28 Prevention Research Group. The model alcoholic beverage retail licensee liability act of 1985. West State L Rev. 1985;12:442-488.

29 Guide to Community Preventive Services. Alcohol – Excessive Consumption: Dram Shop Liability.. Page last updated: December 27, 2017. Page accessed: February 23, 2018.

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